Both internal and external factors contribute to the development of alcoholism. Internal factors include genetics, psychological conditions, personality, personal choice, and drinking history. External factors include family, environment, religion, social and cultural norms, age, education, and job status.
What are the risk factors of being an alcoholic?
Known risk factors include having:
- more than 15 drinks per week if you’re male.
- more than 12 drinks per week if you’re female.
- more than 5 drinks per day at least once a week (binge drinking)
- a parent with alcohol use disorder.
- a mental health problem, such as depression, anxiety, or schizophrenia.
What causes a person to drink alcohol?
A number of different motives for drinking alcohol have been examined, including drinking to enhance sociability, to increase power, to escape problems, to get drunk, for enjoyment, or for ritualistic reasons. Despite this diversity, most research has focused on two broad categories of motivation.
What are three factors that influence alcohol use?
DRINKING | The Body
- Amount of Alcohol & Speed of Consumption. The more alcohol and/or the shorter the time period, the higher the Blood Alcohol Content (BAC).
- Biological / Genetic Risk. …
- Ethnicity. …
- Gender. …
- Body Size and Composition. …
- Stomach Content. …
- Dehydration. …
- Carbonated Beverages.
What is alcoholism and its effects?
Drinking too much over time can cause chronic physical and mental health issues. Heavy drinking can cause or contribute to liver damage, cardiovascular disease, and multiple types of cancer. Long-term effects of excessive drinking may include: Diminished gray matter and white matter in the brain.
What is the life expectancy of an alcoholic?
The teetotaler (0 drinks/week) and the excessive drinker (8+ drinks/week) were projected to live to 92 and 93 years old, respectively. The same person having one drink per week was projected to live to 94, and the moderate drinker (2-7 drinks/week) was projected to live 95 years.
What happens when you drink alcohol everyday?
Drinking too much puts you at risk for some cancers, such as cancer of the mouth, esophagus, throat, liver and breast. It can affect your immune system. If you drink every day, or almost every day, you might notice that you catch colds, flu or other illnesses more frequently than people who don’t drink.
What are the first signs of liver damage from alcohol?
What are the early signs of liver damage from alcohol?
- swelling of your liver, which may lead to discomfort in the upper right side of your abdomen.
- unexplained weight loss.
- loss of appetite.
- nausea and vomiting.
What are the benefits of alcohol?
Moderate alcohol consumption may provide some health benefits, such as:
- Reducing your risk of developing and dying of heart disease.
- Possibly reducing your risk of ischemic stroke (when the arteries to your brain become narrowed or blocked, causing severely reduced blood flow)
- Possibly reducing your risk of diabetes.
What influences adolescents to drink?
A teenager’s decision to drink alcohol can be influenced by:
- early introduction to alcohol.
- exposure to adult binge drinking or alcohol dependence.
- access to alcohol from parents and others.
- friends who drink heavily.
- New Zealand’s drinking culture.
- access to cheap alcohol.
- alcohol marketing.
What are three serious effects of alcohol abuse?
Over time, excessive alcohol use can lead to the development of chronic diseases and other serious problems including: High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and digestive problems. Cancer of the breast, mouth, throat, esophagus, voice box, liver, colon, and rectum.
How does food affect alcohol?
Alcohol is most quickly absorbed by the small intestine. The longer alcohol stays in the stomach, the slower it is absorbed and the slower it affects the body. Food prevents alcohol from passing quickly into your small intestine. When there is food in your stomach before drinking, alcohol is absorbed more slowly.
Is it OK to drink whiskey every night?
If you drink whiskey every night, you will build up your tolerance to alcohol, so moderation is key. … Building up a tolerance to alcohol can be dangerous because it can cause over-drinking, and, over time, the liver learns how to more easily and quickly break down the alcohol in a person’s system.