What are the facial features of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Characteristic facial features in a child with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Findings may include a smooth philtrum, thin upper lip, upturned nose, flat nasal bridge and midface, epicanthal folds, small palpebral fissures, and small head circumference.

What are the primary dysmorphic facial features associated with fetal alcohol syndrome?

The most severe phenotype, fetal alcohol syndrome, involves facial dysmorphism, growth deficits, and neurocognitive problems. The classic facial characteristics include short palpebral fissures, smooth philtrum, and thin upper vermillion.

Does fetal alcohol syndrome cause facial deformities?

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

Three specific facial abnormalities: smooth philtrum (the area between nose and upper lip), thin upper lip, small palpebral fissures (the horizontal eye openings) Growth deficit (lower than average height, weight or both)

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What does a child with fetal alcohol syndrome look like?

Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip. Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers. Slow physical growth before and after birth. Vision difficulties or hearing problems.

What are 5 signs and symptoms of Fasds?

Signs and Symptoms

  • Low body weight.
  • Poor coordination.
  • Hyperactive behavior.
  • Difficulty with attention.
  • Poor memory.
  • Difficulty in school (especially with math)
  • Learning disabilities.
  • Speech and language delays.

What is the life expectancy of someone with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Depending on early diagnosis and support, life expectancies can increase; however, on average, people with FAS are estimated to live 34 years (95% CI: 31–37 years), which is around 42% of the life expectancies of their general population peers23.

How do doctors test for fetal alcohol syndrome?

To diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome, doctors look for unusual facial features, lower-than-average height and weight, small head size, problems with attention and hyperactivity, and poor coordination. They also try to find out whether the mother drank while they were pregnant and if so, how much.

At what age can Fetal alcohol syndrome be diagnosed?

In the most severely affected children, FAS can be diagnosed at birth, however, the characteristic physical features are most pronounced between eight months and eight years of age.

What is the difference between fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects?

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a result of high doses of alcohol consumption during pregnancy such as binge drinking and/or drinking on a regular basis. Fetal Alcohol Effects are a result of moderate drinking throughout pregnancy.

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Can one drink cause fetal alcohol syndrome?

Myth: A single drink containing one ounce of alcohol during pregnancy, or occasionally during pregnancy, has been scientifically linked to affects that can be diagnosed as an FASD.

Does fetal alcohol syndrome get worse with age?

What are the most common symptoms of FASD? Only a small percentage of affected individuals have the set of facial features—which includes small eye openings, thin upper lip, and flat philtrum (groove under nose)—and growth delays that are most associated with prenatal alcohol exposure. Both can diminish with age.

How do you discipline a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Strategies

  1. Reward good behaviour: Praise your child for achievements. …
  2. Look for strengths: Emphasize your child’s strengths and abilities as often as you can.
  3. Use a safe place: Give your child a place to calm down, express anger or frustration where he is not penalized for acting out.

Do all alcoholics have babies with FAS?

The disorder affects children whose mothers drank large amounts of alcohol during pregnancy. Right? Well, not exactly. It turns out that only about 5% of alcoholic women give birth to babies who are later diagnosed with FAS.

Why does FASD often go undetected?

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) often goes undetected in children, either because health care professionals miss the diagnosis or medical records don’t adequately document the signs and symptoms.

What are the signs of fetal alcohol syndrome in adults?

Additional physical effects of FAS that are apparent in adulthood may include:

  • organ defects.
  • bone growth issues.
  • flattened philtrum (groove in the upper lip)
  • smaller head circumference.
  • smaller than normal eye openings.
  • small or absent palpebral fissures (the space between the corner of the eye closest to the nose)
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How much do you have to drink for fetal alcohol syndrome?

Figure 5.12 A binge drink for women is defined as 4 drinks of alcohol (a glass of wine, a beer, or a shot of liquor) in a two hour period. Many people think that binge drinking during pregnancy is the only cause of FASD and therefore it is OK to have one or two drinks every once in a while, or even one drink a day!

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