Ethanol, also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, or alcohol, a member of a class of organic compounds that are given the general name alcohols; its molecular formula is C2H5OH.
What is an alcohol in biology?
Alcohol is an organic compound with one or more hydroxyl groups. The hydroxyl functional group is bound to a saturated carbon atom. 1. Alcohols belong to a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation. The general formula for alcohol is CnH2n+1OH.
What is the other name of alcohol?
Other Names for Alcohol
- Hard stuff.
What is the medical term for alcohol?
ETOH is the chemical title for ethanol alcohol, also called ethyl alcohol or just alcohol.
What is another chemical name for alcohol?
|Preferred IUPAC name Ethanol|
|Other names absolute alcohol alcohol cologne spirit drinking alcohol ethylic alcohol EtOH ethyl alcohol ethyl hydrate ethyl hydroxide ethylol grain alcohol hydroxyethane methylcarbinol|
What are 4 types of alcohol?
The four types of alcohol are ethyl, denatured, isopropyl and rubbing. The one that we know and love the best is ethyl alcohol, also called ethanol or grain alcohol. It’s made by fermenting sugar and yeast, and is used in beer, wine, and liquor. Ethyl alcohol is also produced synthetically.
What is the 3 types of alcohol?
There are three main types of alcohol: methyl, isopropyl, and ethyl which are also known as primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols respectively. All are toxic. Human beings can consume the only ethyl, or grain, alcohol, but the others find use as sterilizing agents, or as fuels.
Why is alcohol called spirits?
The term “spirit” in reference to alcohol stems from Middle Eastern alchemy. These alchemists were more concerned with medical elixirs than with transmuting lead into gold. The vapor given off and collected during an alchemical process (as with distillation of alcohol) was called a spirit of the original material.
Is ethanol the same as alcohol?
Often referred to simply as alcohol. Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol, drinking alcohol or grain alcohol, is a flammable, colorless, slightly toxic chemical compound, and is best known as the alcohol found in alcoholic beverages.
What does mean alcohol?
In chemistry, alcohol is an organic compound that carries at least one hydroxyl functional group (−OH) bound to a saturated carbon atom. The term alcohol originally referred to the primary alcohol ethanol (ethyl alcohol), which is used as a drug and is the main alcohol present in alcoholic drinks.
What are three reasons to not drink?
10 Reasons Not to Drink Alcohol
- Alcohol may lead to weight gain.
- Alcohol interferes with memory and learning.
- Alcohol increases the likelihood that you will use other drugs.
- Alcohol increases your risk of developing cancer.
- Alcohol can lead to liver disease and other severe, chronic diseases.
What is alcohol and its preparation?
Alcohols can be prepared by the hydration of alkenes or by the reduction of aldehydes, ketones, acids, and esters.
Is ethanol stronger than alcohol?
Sanitizer Alcohol Percentage
The World Health Organization suggests that 70% ethyl alcohol is superior to isopropyl alcohol against the influenza virus, however, both provide adequate germicidal properties. Ethanol is recommended at higher % concentration, usually 80%.
How are alcohol classified?
Alcohols may be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary, according to which carbon of the alkyl group is bonded to the hydroxyl group. Most alcohols are colourless liquids or solids at room temperature.
What is the pH of alcohol?
The pH value of alcohol is 7.33. Alcohol cannot be defined as acidic or alkaline, rather defined as amphiprotic because the nature of the bond between carbon and hydroxyl group is non-ionic but slightly polar in nature. Aliphatic alcohol acts as a weak acid in presence of any strong base.