Since fetal alcohol syndrome covers a wide range of problems, there are many possible symptoms. The severity of these symptoms ranges from mild to severe, and can include: a small head. a smooth ridge between the upper lip and nose, small and wide-set eyes, a very thin upper lip, or other abnormal facial features.
What are the facial features of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?
Characteristic facial features in a child with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Findings may include a smooth philtrum, thin upper lip, upturned nose, flat nasal bridge and midface, epicanthal folds, small palpebral fissures, and small head circumference.
What does a child with fetal alcohol syndrome look like?
Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip. Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers. Slow physical growth before and after birth. Vision difficulties or hearing problems.
Can fetal alcohol syndrome cause eye problems?
Up to 90% of children with fetal alcohol syndrome have eye abnormalities such as optic nerve hypoplasia and tortuosity of the retinal blood vessels. Because ocular findings are so common, an eye examination can be useful in helping diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome.
What are 5 signs and symptoms of FASDs?
Signs and Symptoms
- Low body weight.
- Poor coordination.
- Hyperactive behavior.
- Difficulty with attention.
- Poor memory.
- Difficulty in school (especially with math)
- Learning disabilities.
- Speech and language delays.
What is the life expectancy of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?
Results: The life expectancy at birth of people with FAS was 34 years (95% confidence interval: 31 to 37 years), which was about 42% of that of the general population.
At what age can Fetal alcohol syndrome be diagnosed?
In the most severely affected children, FAS can be diagnosed at birth, however, the characteristic physical features are most pronounced between eight months and eight years of age.
Does fetal alcohol syndrome get worse with age?
What are the most common symptoms of FASD? Only a small percentage of affected individuals have the set of facial features—which includes small eye openings, thin upper lip, and flat philtrum (groove under nose)—and growth delays that are most associated with prenatal alcohol exposure. Both can diminish with age.
How do you discipline a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?
- Reward good behaviour: Praise your child for achievements. …
- Look for strengths: Emphasize your child’s strengths and abilities as often as you can.
- Use a safe place: Give your child a place to calm down, express anger or frustration where he is not penalized for acting out.
How do you help a child with FASD?
Here are some strategies to help:
- Use as few words as possible.
- Always clearly state what you want to happen—the desired behavior.
- Don’t argue, debate, or negotiate.
- Being direct is good, but don’t become too authoritarian, or doors will close quickly.
- Don’t expect the person to be reasonable or to act their age.
Does alcohol affect your eyes?
Alcohol slows down the communication between the eyes and the brain. This can cause double vision, decrease reaction time of pupils and impair the ability to see color shades. Unsightly appearance. Bloodshot eyes is one of the most common physical characteristics of a heavy drinker.
What condition can occur when a child is exposed to alcohol prenatally?
Babies exposed to alcohol in the womb can develop fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). These disorders include a wide range of physical, behavioral, and learning problems. The most severe type of FASD is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).
Is blindness a symptom of fetal alcohol syndrome?
FAS is defined by pre- and post-natal growth retardation, minor facial abnormalities, and deficiencies in the central nervous system (CNS). The eye and ocular system development is particularly susceptible to the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure and can result in visual impairment or blindness.
Why does FASD often go undetected?
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) often goes undetected in children, either because health care professionals miss the diagnosis or medical records don’t adequately document the signs and symptoms.
How do they test for fetal alcohol syndrome?
To diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome, doctors look for unusual facial features, lower-than-average height and weight, small head size, problems with attention and hyperactivity, and poor coordination. They also try to find out whether the mother drank while they were pregnant and if so, how much.
Can a few drinks cause fetal alcohol syndrome?
There is no evidence that FAS occurs in babies born to women who drink occasionally or moderately during pregnancy. Indeed, even among women who drink heavily throughout pregnancy, only 4-5 percent of their babies will be born with FAS (Gray and Henderson, 2006).