What happens to a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS): FAS represents the most involved end of the FASD spectrum. People with FAS have central nervous system (CNS) problems, minor facial features, and growth problems. People with FAS can have problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision, or hearing.

Can a child outgrow fetal alcohol syndrome?

Children do not outgrow FAS. The physical and behavioral problems can last a lifetime. The syndrome is found in all racial and socio-economic groups. It is not a genetic disorder, so women with FAS or affected by FAS have healthy babies if they do not drink alcohol during their pregnancy.

How does fetal alcohol syndrome impact a child?

Developing babies may have heart, bone, and kidney problems. Vision problems and hearing loss are common. Seizures and other neurologic problems, such as poor balance and coordination. Delayed development.

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What is the life expectancy of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Results: The life expectancy at birth of people with FAS was 34 years (95% confidence interval: 31 to 37 years), which was about 42% of that of the general population.

What are the long term effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?

Slow physical growth before and after birth. Vision difficulties or hearing problems. Small head circumference and brain size. Heart defects and problems with kidneys and bones.

At what age can Fetal alcohol syndrome be diagnosed?

In the most severely affected children, FAS can be diagnosed at birth, however, the characteristic physical features are most pronounced between eight months and eight years of age.

Does fetal alcohol syndrome get worse with age?

What are the most common symptoms of FASD? Only a small percentage of affected individuals have the set of facial features—which includes small eye openings, thin upper lip, and flat philtrum (groove under nose)—and growth delays that are most associated with prenatal alcohol exposure. Both can diminish with age.

What are 5 signs and symptoms of FASDs?

Signs and Symptoms

  • Low body weight.
  • Poor coordination.
  • Hyperactive behavior.
  • Difficulty with attention.
  • Poor memory.
  • Difficulty in school (especially with math)
  • Learning disabilities.
  • Speech and language delays.

How do you discipline a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Strategies

  1. Reward good behaviour: Praise your child for achievements. …
  2. Look for strengths: Emphasize your child’s strengths and abilities as often as you can.
  3. Use a safe place: Give your child a place to calm down, express anger or frustration where he is not penalized for acting out.
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What are the 3 types of FASDs?

There are three types of FASDs: fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) and alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD).

Is FASD on the autism spectrum?

The term Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) refers to a continuum of disabilities caused by prenatal alcohol exposure. Some of the most debilitating symptoms of FASD are social behavioral deficits, which overlap with symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

Can someone with fetal alcohol syndrome live a long life?

Depending on early diagnosis and support, life expectancies can increase; however, on average, people with FAS are estimated to live 34 years (95% CI: 31–37 years), which is around 42% of the life expectancies of their general population peers23.

Will a child with fetal alcohol syndrome be able to do everything an average child can do?

Children with FAS will benefit from a stable and loving home. They can be even more sensitive to disruptions in routine than an average child. Children with FAS are especially likely to develop problems with violence and substance abuse later in life if they are exposed to violence or abuse at home.

What treatments are available for fetal alcohol syndrome?

There’s no cure or specific treatment for fetal alcohol syndrome. The physical defects and mental deficiencies typically persist for a lifetime. However, early intervention services may help reduce some of the effects of fetal alcohol syndrome and may prevent some secondary disabilities.

How do they test for fetal alcohol syndrome?

To diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome, doctors look for unusual facial features, lower-than-average height and weight, small head size, problems with attention and hyperactivity, and poor coordination. They also try to find out whether the mother drank while they were pregnant and if so, how much.

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How does fetal alcohol syndrome affect the brain?

Brain imaging studies have shown that children with FAS have, on average, smaller brains than normal, and defects in the frontal lobe, the corpus callosum, the cerebellum, the hippocampus, and the basal ganglia. Other imaging studies have shown poorer communication between various brain areas.

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