The correct chemical name for isopropyl alcohol is isopropanol. Isopropyl alcohol has a flash point of 53°F, a flammable range of 2.3 percent to 12.7 percent in air, and an ignition temperature of 750°F. It has a specific gravity of 0.785, a molecular weight of 60, and a vapor density of 2.07.
Will isopropyl alcohol explode?
Isopropyl Alcohol can react with AIR and OXYGEN over time to form unstable peroxides that can explode. Isopropyl Alcohol forms explosive mixtures, when heated, with ALUMINUM.
Does temperature affect isopropyl alcohol?
Isopropyl alcohol should be stored in a tightly closed container in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area. Due to the chemical’s extreme flammability, it must be kept away from all possible ignition sources, including heat, sparks, and flames.
Is 70% isopropyl alcohol flammable?
Flammability of the Product: Flammable. Auto-Ignition Temperature: The lowest known value is 399°C (750.2°F) (Isopropyl alcohol). Flash Points: CLOSED CUP: 18.3°C (64.9°F) – 24 deg.
How flammable is isopropyl?
Isopropyl alcohol vapor is denser than air and is flammable, with a flammability range of between 2 and 12.7% in air. It should be kept away from heat and open flame. Distillation of isopropyl alcohol over magnesium has been reported to form peroxides, which may explode upon concentration.
Is 99% isopropyl alcohol safe for skin?
The only downside of 99% isopropyl alcohol is that, understandably, it needs to be used and stored properly. In this concentration, it is highly flammable, may cause dizziness if used in high quantities in an ill-ventilated area, and can be an irritant to skin and eyes. Of course, it should also never be ingested.
Is it safe to breathe in isopropyl alcohol?
Inhaling large amounts of isopropyl alcohol can cause nausea, vomiting, irritation of the nose and mucous membranes, throat irritations, and even difficulty with breathing as coughing can occur making it difficult for you to catch your breath.
Why did my hand sanitizer turns cloudy?
If the sanitizer becomes cloudy it is generally because it has been exposed to air. The cloudy sanitizer can be removed and replaced. If it seems the cloudiness is coming from macroinvertebrates it most likely means that they have begun to rot.
Is it OK to leave isopropyl alcohol in a hot car?
“If you look at what they call the auto-combustion temperature of ethyl alcohol or isopropyl alcohol, which are the two that are most commonly in hand sanitizers, those are 600 and 700degrees Fahrenheit. … It should also be kept away from any open flames, as all alcohol products are potentially flammable.
Does cold temperature affect isopropyl alcohol?
Rubbing alcohol feels even colder, however, because about 70% of it is made up of isopropyl alcohol. … The molecules of isopropyl alcohol don’t stick together as strongly at room temperature as water molecules do, which means the alcohol evaporates more quickly than water does.
Is 70% isopropyl alcohol safe?
70 % isopropyl alcohol is by far better at killing bacteria and viruses than 90 % isopropyl alcohol. As a disinfectant, the higher the concentration of alcohol, the less effective it is at killing pathogens.
At what temperature does 70 isopropyl alcohol freeze?
According to the Department of Physics at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, a solution with 30 percent ethanol concentration, or 60 proof, has freezing point of 5 degrees F or -15 degrees C, and one with 40 percent ethanol concentration, or 80 proof, freezes at -10 degrees F or -23 degrees C — therefore, 70 …
What is the difference between isopropyl alcohol and rubbing alcohol?
The difference between rubbing alcohol and more pure forms of isopropyl alcohol is that rubbing alcohol contains denaturants which make the solution unpalatable for human consumption.
Will 70 isopropyl alcohol clean a bong?
SPT: 70% isopropyl alcohol and table salt will clean your glass bongs and bowls, stems and pieces also. Adding hot water can help.
Is isopropyl alcohol flammable when mixed with water?
Water may be in- effective on direct flame, but can be used to flush spills from ignition or disperse vapor. This material or it’s components are listed in the TSCA inventory. water clear liquid 179ºF (82ºC) Liquid is invisible and flammable, vapors may travel in low areas to ignition source.
Can you make rubbing alcohol at home?
Water (distilled is recommended because you want your water to be free of any possible contaminants) … 25 kilograms of Sugar per liter of water. 1 packet of Yeast for every two liters of water.