Explanation: The main function of the liver is to filter the blood that arrives from the digestive systems before it can enter other parts of the body. Thus, when people drink alcohol, the liver’s primary responsibility is eliminating ethanol from the bloodstream.
What is the primary responsibility for eliminating alcohol from the bloodstream?
About 90 per cent of alcohol is eliminated by the body’s metabolism. While the kidneys and gastro-intestinal tract play a role in this process, the liver is the main organ responsible for transforming alcohol absorbed by the blood into substances that your body can process and eliminate.
What organ is responsible for getting rid of alcohol?
The liver is the primary organ responsible for the detoxification of alcohol. Liver cells produce the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase which breaks alcohol into ketones at a rate of about 0.015 g/100mL/hour (reduces BAC by 0.015 per hour).
Which of the following is a key factor that influences blood alcohol concentration BAC )?
Explanation: The key factor that influence BAC is body weight. The less the bodyweight of a person, the more will be alcohol concentration in the bloodstream. Due to less amount of body weight, the alcohol concentration will affect BAC and body.
What can help slow the absorption of alcohol into the bloodstream Alcoholedu?
Alcohol absorption can be slowed by eating before or while you drink. The carbonation in drinks can speed the rate of alcohol absorption, sweet mixers can hide the taste of alcohol, and highly caffeinated beverages can mask a person’s perception of how intoxicated he or she is.
Which parts of the brain when impaired by alcohol play an important role in memory?
The Frontal Lobes: The frontal lobes of our brain are responsible for cognition, thought, memory, and judgment. By inhibiting its effects, alcohol impairs nearly every one of these functions. The hippocampus: The hippocampus forms and stores memory. Alcohol’s impact on the hippocampus leads to memory loss.
What strategy will not help someone keep their BAC in check?
What strategy will NOT help someone keep their BAC in check? … Eating before or while drinking reduce the amount your BAC will rise because food increases the amount of time alcohol spends in your stomach, where it is absorbed the slowest.
Does water flush out alcohol?
Water can help reduce your BAC, though it will still take one hour to metabolize 20 mg/dL of alcohol.
Which organ is responsible for oxidizing 90% of consumed alcohol?
The liver is the primary site of oxidation of alcohol, some alcohol is oxidized the in the stomach, too. The primary metabolite of ethanol oxidation, is acetaldehyde. This compound is relatively toxic, and it is responsible for alcohol-related flushing, headaches, nausea, and increased heart rate.
What are 6 factors which affect BAC?
There are many important individual factors and circumstances that affect blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels.
- How Quickly You Drink. …
- Body Weight. …
- Altitude. …
- Food in the Stomach. …
- Male or Female. …
- The Size of a Drink. …
- Type of Mix Used. …
What are 3 factors that influence a person’s reaction to alcohol?
DRINKING | The Body
- Amount of Alcohol & Speed of Consumption. The more alcohol and/or the shorter the time period, the higher the Blood Alcohol Content (BAC).
- Biological / Genetic Risk. …
- Ethnicity. …
- Gender. …
- Body Size and Composition. …
- Stomach Content. …
- Dehydration. …
- Carbonated Beverages.
What are the two basic causes of a hangover?
Although many factors can contribute to hangover symptoms, the two main factors are dehydration and the poisoning (toxic) effects of alcohol on the body’s systems.
What medications can affect blood alcohol levels?
Allergy, cold and flu medicines, herbs and supplements, anxiety medications, epilepsy medications, diabetes medication, sleep medications, birth control and antibiotics can all intensify the effects of alcohol.
Does eating food affect blood alcohol level?
Eating food, either before or while drinking, essentially slows absorption rates. Slower rates mean that less alcohol enters a person’s bloodstream (when compared to a drinker that does not eat). This reduction of alcohol in the blood translates into reduced levels of blood alcohol concentration.
Does weight affect blood alcohol level?
2. Weight. Body weight deterines the amount of space through which alcohol can diffuse in the body. In general, a person who weighs 180lbs will have a lower blood alcohol concentration than a 140lb person who drank the same amount.