What is the general formula of alcohol and phenol?
An alcohol contains one or more hydroxyl (OH) group(s) directly attached to carbon atom(s), of an aliphatic system (CH3OH) while a phenol contains –OH group(s) directly attached to carbon atom(s) of an aromatic system (C6H5OH).
What is alcohol and phenol?
The alcohols are a class of organic compounds that hold at least one hydroxyl functional group that is attached to a carbon atom. Phenols, on the other hand, are organic compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group which is attached to an aromatic system of hydrocarbons (arene).
What is the functional group of alcohol and phenol?
The hydroxyl group (—OH) is found in the alcohol and phenol functional groups.
What are alcohols and phenols give an example?
Phenols are compounds in which the ⎯OH group is directly attached to an aromatic ring and are designated as ArOH. Phenol differs from alcohol in that the former is slightly acidic in water and reacts with aqueous sodium hydroxide to form salts. Example: C6H5OH, the parent compound, is called phenol.
What is general formula of alcohol?
The general formula for the alcohols is C nH 2n+1OH (where n is the number of carbon atoms in the molecule).
What is the difference between an alcohol and a phenol?
Alcohols are a major type of aliphatic hydrocarbons that contains one or more hydroxyl groups attached to a saturated carbon of the molecule, whereas phenol is an aromatic hydrocarbon that contains a hydroxyl group directly bonded to a phenolic ring (benzene ring).
Can phenol react with alcohol?
Alkylation of phenols by alcohols gave a mixture of 0- and C-alkylated products under the same reaction conditions. 0-alkylation and C-alkylation are parallel reactions. … However, thoria-catalyzed formation of aralkyl ethers by alkylation of phenol with alcohols such as methanol (5) and ethanol (6) is known.
Is phenol an alcohol group?
A phenol consists of an -OH bonded to an unsaturated sp2 carbon. Thus, it does not qualify as an alcohol.
What is the difference between aromatic alcohol and phenol?
Although phenols are often considered simply as aromatic alcohols, they do have somewhat different properties. The most obvious difference is the enhanced acidity of phenols. Phenols are not as acidic as carboxylic acids, but they are much more acidic than aliphatic alcohols, and they are more acidic than water.
What are the functional group of alcohol?
Alcohols contain the hydroxy functional group (-OH), bonded to a carbon atom of an alkyl or substituted alkyl group. The functional group of an alcohol is the hydroxyl group, –OH. Unlike the alkyl halides, this group has two reactive covalent bonds, the C–O bond and the O–H bond.
What is a phenol group?
Phenols are organic compounds which contain a hydroxyl (—OH) group attached to a carbon atom in a benzene ring. … Phenol, or hydroxybenzene, is the parent compound of the phenols, consisting of an OH group directly connected to a benzene ring.
What is the structure of phenol?
What is the general formula of monohydric alcohols?
Their general formula is CnH2n−OH or R−OH. Alcohols containing one hydroxyl (−OH) group are known as monohydric alcohols.
What are the 4 types of alcohol?
The four types of alcohol are ethyl, denatured, isopropyl and rubbing. The one that we know and love the best is ethyl alcohol, also called ethanol or grain alcohol. It’s made by fermenting sugar and yeast, and is used in beer, wine, and liquor.
What are trihydric alcohols give example?
An alcohol containing three hydroxyl groups, such as glycerol. Glycerol is a trihydric alcohol since three classes of hydroxyl or alcohol are present in it.